A deep dive into caching in Presto

Presto is a popular, open source, distributed SQL engine that enables organizations to run interactive analytic queries on multiple data sources at a large scale. Caching is a typical optimization technique for improving Presto query performance. It provides significant performance and efficiency improvements for Presto platforms.

Caching avoids expensive disk or network trips to refetch data by storing frequently accessed data in memory or on fast local storage, speeding up overall query execution. In this article, we provide a deep dive into Presto’s caching mechanisms and how you can use them to boost query speeds and reduce costs.

Benefits of caching

Caching provides three key advantages. By implementing caching in Presto, you can:

  1. Boost query performance. Caching frequently accessed data allows Presto to retrieve results from faster and closer caches rather than scanning slower storage. For repetitive analytical queries, this can improve query speeds by orders of magnitude, reducing overall latency. By accelerating query execution, caching enables interactive querying and faster time-to-insight.
  2. Reduce infrastructure costs. Caching reduces the volume of data read from remote storage systems like S3, resulting in lower egress charges and charges for storage API requests. For data stored in the cloud, caching minimizes repetitive retrieval of data over the network. This provides substantial cost savings, especially for large datasets.
  3. Minimize network overhead. By reducing unnecessary data transfer between Presto components and remote storage, caching alleviates network congestion. Local caching prevents bottlenecking of network links between distributed Presto workers. It also reduces load and bandwidth usage on connections to external data sources.

Overall, caching can boost performance and efficiency of Presto queries, providing significant value and ROI for Presto-based analytics platforms.

Different types of caching in Presto

There are two types of caches in Presto, the built-in cache and third-party caches. The built-in cache includes the metastore cache, file list cache, and Alluxio SDK cache. It uses the memory and SSD resources of the Presto cluster, running within the same process as Presto for optimal performance.

The main benefits of built-in caches are very low latency and no network overhead because data is cached locally within the Presto cluster. However, built-in cache capacity is constrained by worker node resources.

Copyright © 2023 IDG Communications, Inc.

Source : https://www.infoworld.com/article/3706950/a-deep-dive-into-caching-in-presto.html#tk.rss_all

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